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Species Page - Phausis rhombica
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scientific name    Phausis rhombica    

habitat
No information available.

seasonality
Specimens have been collected from mid June through mid July.

identification
Phausis rhombica can easily be distinguished from other Alberta fireflies. While some lampyrids may be the same size (6-7mm), no other Alberta genus has the uniform colouration (brown-black) with two large kidney-shaped translucent spots in the anterior portion of the pronotum directly above the eyes. Unlike other Alberta Lampyridae, Phausis species also have a glassy bead, easily visible under a microscope, at the end of the last antennal segment. Currently, no other Phausis species is known to occur in Alberta, though P. nigra has been collected from Fernie, B.C. (Fender 1966), and likely ranges into southwestern Alberta. Phausis rhombica can be distinguished from other Phausis species, including P. nigra, by characteristics of the pronotum. Viewed dorsally, the pronotum is widest at the base and narrows anteriorly, giving it a trapezoidal shape. The two anterior angles may be somewhat obscure, but they keep the pronotum from appearing uniformly rounded. The anterior pronotal margin is feebly arced in most specimens, and in some this arc appears slightly notched in the center. Features of the scutellum are also useful in identifying P. rhombica. The scutellum is subspatulate (roughly pear-shaped), finely notched at the apex, and has a groove running from its center to the notch at the apex. The scutellum also bears small, sparse punctures.

life history
While females of this species are unknown (Fender 1966), known females of other Phausis species in North America are larva-like. Adult females (from those species where females are known) of the genus emit light; males are lightless. All larvae also have light organs (Arnett 2001).

conservation
No information available.

diet info
Larvae are likely predacious (Arnett 2001).

range
Specimens of P. rhombica have been collected in scattered localities from Merritt, B.C. and Cochrane, Alberta south to Tollgate, Oregon, the holotype being from Banff, Alberta (Fender 1966). Edmonton and Gull Lake, Alberta (5 specimens in the Strickland Museum) are interesting localities for the species.

quick link
http://entomology.museums.ualberta.ca/searching_species_details.php?s=5424



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References (2)
Specimen Info
There are 9 specimens of this species in the online database
Map Distribution
Adult Seasonal Distributioncreate a collection histogram with specimens
Specimen List (9)

 

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