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Species Page - Zale minerea
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scientific name    Zale minerea    

common name     Mahogany Similar-wing, Colorful Zale

habitat
Deciduous and mixedwood woodland.

seasonality
In Alberta adults have been collected from late April through early July.

identification
A medium-size (3.5-5.0 cm wingspan) broad-winged moth. Color quite variable in both sexes. The FW of females is dark chocolate brown, almost black in the basal and costal one-third, paler and red-brown in the outer half. The ST line is black and well defined along the lower two-thirds, darker distally except for apex region. HW chocolate brown striated with many faint black bands, and with a nearly straight black line with paler yellow brown scaling along the outer edge crossing the outer third. Both wings moderately scalloped. Male smaller, brighter. Basal one quarter and costa dark brown, most of median area bright red-brown or mahogany, separated from the basal area by a lighter grey band. The terminal area is light yellow-brown or cream divided into an upper and lower patch. HW like female but lighter brown, and with a pale patch on the lower one-third. Antennae simple. Similar-wings greatly resemble geometrid moths, both in their unusually patterned HW and their habit of resting flat with wings partially opened. The Mahogany Similar-wing is very similar to the Lunate Similar-wing (Z. lunata)which, although not yet taken in Alberta, occurs both to the east and west and should be watched for. Questionable specimens should have their identity confirmed by examining the genitalia. Alberta specimens are referable to ssp. norda, a brighter form, named from southern Alberta material.

life history
Adults are nocturnal and come to light. The larvae are solitary defliators. They overwinter in the pupal stage.

conservation
A fairly common widespread species; no concerns.

diet info
A generalist feeder on flowering trees and shrubs (Miller and Hammond, 1998). No specific Alberta data; elsewhere a wide variety of deciduous shrubs and trees, including willows (Salix sp.), White birch (Betula papyrifera), hazel (Corylus), spruce (Picea sp.) and apple (Malus) (both foliage and fruit).

range
Across southern Canada, west to Vancouver Island, north into the southern Boreal forest and south in the mountains. In Alberta it occurs from the Milk River in the extreme south north into the southern Boreal Forest (Redwater, Edmonton). Bowman (1951) recorded it only from Medicine Hat, and it has apparently moved into the Edmonton area since that time.

quick link
http://entomology.museums.ualberta.ca/searching_species_details.php?s=3815



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References (4)
Specimen Info
There are 128 specimens of this species in the online database
Map Distribution
Adult Seasonal Distributioncreate a collection histogram with specimens
Specimen List (128)
Related Links
Moth Photographers Group

 

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