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Species Page - Speranza occiduaria
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scientific name    Speranza occiduaria    

habitat
Adults fly in mid to late July.

seasonality
Adults fly in mid to late July.

identification
A relatively non-descript grey-brown geometrid, although the three to four evenly spaced dark brown crescents along the forewing will usually distinguish it as an Itame. Darker PM line usually present on both fore and hindwing, often broad at the forewing anal margin to form a band extending at most halfway up wing. The fringe varies from dark brown to beige. The females have reduced forewings and rarely fly (Doak, 2000). Closely related to I. occiduaria (with which it was once considered to be conspecific), but the ground color is mousy brown not yellowish. Specimens of occiduaria from the foothills west of Calgary are brownish yellow somewhat approaching andersoni, but are slightly smaller with a more uniform color and not finely speckled with brown. The larvae also differ in color pattern (McGuffin 1956). Ferguson (1953) in revising this species group, failed to find consistent genitalic differences between occiduaria and andersoni.

life history
McGuffin (1956, 1972) describes the mature larva. Adults come to light, and also fly by day in bogs (Handfield 1999). McDunnough (1924) noted that it was common in bog birch (Betula glandulosa) wetlands near Nordegg, and presumed this was the hostplant. Doak (2000) provides life history information on this species in Alaska, where it overwinters as an egg, hatching in spring depending on May temperatures. Pupation takes place on the ground in plant debris or under rocks, adults emerge two weeks later. Eggs are laid singly, predominantly on rocks and gravel near the host plant.

conservation
Not of concern.

diet info
Eastern Canadian populations feed on blueberry (Vaccinium sp.) (Ferguson 1953). In Alaska, larvae feed only on mountain avens (Dryas drummondii). Adults do not feed (Doak 2000).

range
Yukon and northern BC east to Newfoundland; essentially a northern boreal species recorded south to west-central Alberta (McGuffin 1972).

quick link
http://entomology.museums.ualberta.ca/searching_species_details.php?s=3879



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References (3)
Specimen Info
There are 49 specimens of this species in the online database
Map Distribution
Adult Seasonal Distributioncreate a collection histogram with specimens
Specimen List (49)

 

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