|scientific name Phlaeothripidae |
Varies with species; leaves, flowers, branches, leaf litter, galls (Mound and Marullo 1996).
Varies with species.
The antennae are usually 8 segmented, with simple sense cones on antennal segments 3 and 4. In some species in this family, 2, 3, or 4 of the antennal segments may be fused together. Members of this family can be apterous, macropterous or brachypterous. When forewings are present, the surface of the wing lacks microtrichia and longitudinal wing veins. The cilia along the wing margins are not in sockets. The tenth abdominal segment is tube-like in both sexes (Moritz et al 2001).
Some species in this family exhibit male/male fighting, and none are known to be vectors of tospoviruses (Moritz et al 2001).
Few species in this family are known to be crop pests (Moritz et al 2001).
Over half of the species in this family feed on fungi, most on the hyphae, though some feed on fungal spores. Other species are phytophagous, and can be found feeding on leaves or flowers. A few species in this family are moss feeders, or predatory on mites or scale insects (Mound and Marullo 1996).
Most species in this family are found in the wet tropical regions of the world rather than in temperate regions (Moritz et al 2001), though exact range varies with species (Mound and Marullo 1996).
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