|scientific name Hoplandrothrips |
Fungus feeding species are found on dead branches, others on shrubby plants (Mound and Marullo 1996)
The head is elongate, arched on the dorsal surface, and weakly reticulate. Eyes are somewhat bean shaped, and ocelli are present (Stannard, 1968). The antennae are 8 segmented, and segment 3 has 3 sense cones while segment 4 has 4 sense cones. The mouth cone is long and pointed (Mound and Marullo, 1996) and when retracted, the maxillary stylets touch within the head (Stannard, 1968). The prothorax is weakly sculptured, and the major setae are well developed. The epimeral sutures are complete (Stannard, 1968) and basantra are absent (Mound and Marullo, 1996). The forewings are somewhat constricted medially, and may have a slight bulge, medially on the surface. Species may be macropterous or brachypterous (Stannard, 1968). Both males and females have a tarsal tooth, though on males the fore femora also has an apical tubercle. The pelta is small and bell shaped (Mound and Marullo, 1996). Wing holding setae are present, and sigmoidal shaped (Stannard, 1968). A sternal glandular area is present on males, but size and shape will vary with species (Mound and Marullo, 1996).
Most species feed on fungal hyphae on dead branches (Mound and Walker, 1986), though some feed on shrubby plants and cause leaf roll galls (Mound and Marullo, 1996).
Species in this genus can be found Worldwide (Palmer et al, 1989).
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