|scientific name Amphizoa striata |
Cool to relatively-warm, slow-flowing streams and roadside ditches (occasionally). Distribution in streams similar to that of A. insolens.
No information available.
Large size (13.1mm to 14.9mm); body dark brown and broad; antennae, maxillary and labial palpi, and tarsi piceous or rufopiceous; head finely and densely puncate; pronotum moderately punctate; elytra finely punctate; elytral silhouette broad basally and markedly narrowed subapically; elytral surface only faintly rugose in lateral half; pronotum broadest at base, with lateral margins not or only slightly crenulate; elytral striae faintly but completely impressed. (See also identification of genus).
Holometabolous. Amphizoids lack structural adaptations for swimming, and are actually more efficient locomotors on land than in water. The beetles are unable to swim, and crawl on substrate at the bottom of streams. Larvae pupate out of the water on adjacent streambanks. Both adults and larvae are strict predators. Adult Amphizoids are able to carry out most life functions- feeding, locomotion, oviposition- as easily on land as in water. Under laboratory conditions, Amphizoid eggs and larvae thrive out of water, and even pupate normally. Larvae are of the caraboid type, and are elongated with flattened lateral lamellate projections, have two tarsal claws, and two short, spine-like cerci. Larvae breathe through the 8th abdominal segment. When disturbed, adults exude a yellowish fluid from the anus which has an odour described as that of cantaloupe melon or rotting wood. The function of this fluid is debated, but it is likely for predator-defense. Both adults and larve are frequently found attached to the roots of undercut vegetation at the stream edge, crawling along rocks and pebbles on the bottom of the stream, or found clinging to driftwood and other debris. When disturbed they can be seen floating on or near the water surface.
Larvae and adults are strict predators, feeding on stonefly nymphs.
Range extends from southern Vancouver Island, Olympic Peninsula and Cascade Region of northern Washington state to southwest Oregon (southernmost extension); eastward through Washington and Oregon, west of the Cascade Range.
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