Phyllotreta robusta    



common name     Garden Flea Beetle

habitat
Agricultural areas subject to disturbance such as crops, roadside ditches and weed fields.

seasonality
Adults are active from May to July in the Canadian Prairie Provinces (Burgess 1977).

identification
Adults are approximately 2mm in length, dorsally flat, elongate oval, black with well-developed hind femurs. Adults are less elongate than other Phyllotreta spp. in North America. The elytra are wider than the prothorax, oval, rounded on the sides, and similarly punctured. There is a pale yellow stripe on each elytron that widens at about one fifth its length to near the lateral margin and again to reach both the posterior and side margins. Antennae are slender; more half the length of the body, the first three segments are brown and the rest are black (LeConte 1878). This flea beetle can most easily be distinguished from other common 'striped' Phyllotreta spp. in North America by examination of elytra: the yellow stripe reaches the elytral margin in P. robusta whereas it does not in P. striolata or P. bipustulata.

life history
One generation per year. Adults overwinter in soil or turf and leaf litter near shelterbelts, hedges and fencerows. These emerge in spring to feed on foliage. In spring, 1-4 eggs are deposited near the bases of host plants. Eggs are about 0.4mm long by 0.2 mm wide, oval and light yellow. Mature larvae are approximately 3mm, white to very light brown with a copper-brown head and anal plate and are slender with small legs. Larvae feed on roots and root hairs and pupate in soil. These emerge as adult mid-summer (Burgess 1977).

conservation
Phyllotreta robusta is common though not abundant throughout its range. Conservation issues are uncertain.

diet info
Adults feed on several brassicaceous plants including Brassica napus and B. campestris (Burgess 1977).

range
Native to and occurs across North America from Alberta to Nevada in the west and from Quebec to Michigan in the east (Bousquet 1991).

people
species page authorTansey, J. A.2007 

quick link
http://entomology.museums.ualberta.ca/searching_species_details.php?s=6297

 

Logo Department of Museums and Collections ServicesLogo University of Alberta